Tigers hold a special place in India's natural and cultural heritage. With over 70% of the world's wild tiger population residing in India, the country plays a crucial role in the conservation of this majestic species. To protect the tiger and its habitat, several non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in India have dedicated their efforts to tiger conservation. July 29 is observed every year as International Tiger Day.
Here are nine Indian NGOs that are making significant contributions to the conservation and protection of tigers.
1. Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI)
The Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI) is a leading Indian NGO committed to combating wildlife crime and protecting endangered species, including tigers. WPSI works closely with law enforcement agencies to investigate and track wildlife crimes, with a particular focus on tiger poaching and illegal wildlife trade. The organisation gathers intelligence, coordinates anti-poaching activities, and advocates for stronger wildlife protection laws. By collaborating with local communities, WPSI promotes awareness and encourages the participation of stakeholders in tiger conservation efforts.
2. Wildlife Trust of India (WTI)
The Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) is a prominent NGO that implements comprehensive conservation programs across various ecosystems in India, including tiger habitats. WTI employs a multi-faceted approach to tiger conservation, encompassing research, habitat protection, community-based initiatives, and policy advocacy. The organisation collaborates with local communities and government agencies to mitigate human-wildlife conflict, promote sustainable livelihoods, and strengthen conservation practices. WTI's on-the-ground efforts have contributed to the recovery of tiger populations and the restoration of their habitats.
3. Satpuda Foundation
Operating in central India, the Satpuda Foundation focuses on conserving the tigers and their habitats in the Satpura-Maikal landscape. This NGO works closely with local communities, forest departments, and other stakeholders to promote the coexistence of tigers and people. Satpuda Foundation conducts research on tiger ecology, monitors populations, and implements anti-poaching measures. The organisation also engages in community outreach, environmental education, and livelihood development programs, empowering local communities to become partners in tiger conservation.
4. Tiger Watch
Tiger Watch is a grassroots organisation that operates in the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve and its surrounding areas in Rajasthan. The NGO focuses on mitigating human-tiger conflict, combating poaching, and promoting sustainable tourism practices. Tiger Watch collaborates with local communities to reduce dependence on forest resources and implement conservation-friendly livelihood options. The organisation conducts awareness campaigns, facilitates capacity-building workshops, and supports eco-development initiatives. Through its efforts, Tiger Watch has played a crucial role in conserving the critically endangered tigers in the Ranthambore landscape.
5. Sanctuary Asia
Sanctuary Asia is a renowned environmental organisation that advocates for wildlife conservation and environmental protection across India. While not solely dedicated to tiger conservation, Sanctuary Asia has actively campaigned for the preservation of tiger habitats and the prevention of tiger poaching. The organisation publishes the Sanctuary Asia magazine, which raises awareness about tiger conservation and highlights success stories and challenges in protecting this iconic species. Sanctuary Asia also collaborates with other NGOs, researchers, and government agencies to influence policies and promote sustainable development practices.
6. Vanishing Forests Foundation (VFF)
The Vanishing Forests Foundation (VFF) is an Indian NGO dedicated to conserving forests and the wildlife they support, including tigers. VFF works closely with local communities to promote sustainable forest management practices and protect critical tiger habitats. The organisation engages in habitat restoration, anti-poaching efforts, and ecological monitoring. VFF also focuses on raising awareness about the importance of forests and tigers through educational initiatives and community outreach programs.
7. Prakriti Conservation Society
Prakriti Conservation Society is a grassroots organisation actively involved in tiger conservation and biodiversity conservation in India. The organisation works in collaboration with local communities, government agencies, and other NGOs to protect tiger habitats, combat poaching, and raise awareness about the importance of tiger conservation. Prakriti Conservation Society implements community-driven initiatives that promote sustainable livelihoods and ecotourism as alternatives to activities detrimental to tiger conservation. The organisation also conducts research and facilitates capacity building to empower local communities in tiger conservation efforts.
8. Tiger Trust
Tiger Trust is a non-profit organisation focused on tiger conservation and ecological restoration in India. The organisation works closely with local communities, government agencies, and other stakeholders to protect tiger habitats and promote sustainable practices. Tiger Trust implements innovative conservation projects, including habitat restoration, anti-poaching initiatives, and community-based conservation programs. The organisation also conducts awareness campaigns and educational activities to promote the importance of tiger conservation among the general public.
9. Wildlife SOS
While Wildlife SOS primarily focuses on wildlife rescue and rehabilitation, the organisation also plays a significant role in tiger conservation efforts in India. Wildlife SOS operates rescue centres and sanctuaries for various wildlife species, including tigers rescued from captivity or conflict situations. The organisation provides a safe and suitable habitat for these tigers and works towards their eventual release into the wild. Wildlife SOS also conducts research and raises awareness about the threats faced by wild tigers, advocating for their protection.