Yoga's Guiding Lights: 10 Indian Gurus Who Illuminate The Path To Self-Realization

This International Yoga Day, read more about the 10 Indian yoga gurus whose teachings transcend time.

Published On Jun 22, 2023 | Updated On Mar 08, 2024


India, the country where yoga originated, has fostered and produced a number of famous yoga gurus whose teachings have influenced millions of people all over the world. These illustrious people have committed their lives to unlock the deep mysteries of yoga and have led many seekers on the enlightening journey of self-discovery. In this article, we honour well-known Indian yoga gurus by highlighting their distinctive contributions and the enduring legacies they have created within the yoga community.

Known for his innovative work in popularising yoga as a therapeutic practice, B.K.S. Iyengar is regarded as one of the most important yoga gurus of the 20th century. Iyengar developed a unique kind of yoga with a strong emphasis on alignment and accuracy that makes use of props like blocks, belts, and blankets to assist and deepen the practitioner's experience. He changed the way yoga is taught, making it approachable to people of all ages and physical abilities by emphasising precision and discipline.

Sri K. Pattabhi Jois, the creator of Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga, played a key role in popularising this vigorous and physically taxing form of yoga. Jois's Ashtanga practise comprises a predetermined series of postures that combine coordinated movement with controlled breathing to promote strength, flexibility, and mental concentration. His devoted disciples have practised Ashtanga Yoga, a challenging yet transformational type of exercise, both in India and abroad, and they have witnessed remarkable bodily and spiritual transformation.


Known as both a yoga master and a spiritual giant, Swami Sivananda promoted a holistic approach to yoga that included breathing exercises, meditation, and selfless devotion. His teachings placed a strong emphasis on incorporating yoga into daily activities in order to promote not just physical health but also spiritual development and inner peace. Generations of seekers have been moved by Swami Sivananda's deep insight and loving teachings, making him a leader in the yoga community.

Known as one of the founders of yoga in the West, Paramahansa Yogananda made the ancient discipline of Kriya Yoga accessible to a large worldwide audience. His groundbreaking book 'Autobiography of a Yogi', which details his interactions with saints and sages and offers insights into the spiritual path, continues to enthral readers today. The teachings of Yogananda place a strong emphasis on the symbiotic growth of the body, mind, and spirit via meditation and self-realisation. His Self-Realization Fellowship, which continues to spread his teachings all across the world, is one of his lasting legacies.


Swami Vivekananda, a legendary figure in the development of Indian philosophy and spirituality, was essential in spreading yoga to the West. At the World Parliament of Religions in 1893, he delivered a series of stirring addresses in which he eloquently portrayed the core of yoga as a path to spiritual awakening and self-realization. The universality of yoga was emphasised by Vivekananda's teachings, which cut beyond the boundaries of religion and culture. His work continues to motivate aspirants all around the world.

The illustrious yoga master T. Krishnamacharya's son, T.K.V. Desikachar, devoted his life to advancing his father's teachings and creating the Viniyoga school of thought. Desikachar placed a strong emphasis on the customization of yoga practises to meet the unique requirements and skills of each practitioner. Incorporating breath, movement, and meditation into his compassionate teaching style, he made yoga approachable for people of all ages and health levels.


Dr Bhavanani is well known for his proficiency in both traditional yoga and yoga treatment. In order to provide a comprehensive approach to physical, mental, and spiritual well-being, he mixes traditional yoga practises with contemporary scientific ideas. The teachings of Bhavanani place a strong emphasis on incorporating yoga into daily activities while also encouraging self-control, self-awareness, and peaceful living.

As the B.K.S. Iyengar's daughter, Geeta Iyengar was instrumental in the creation and spread of the Iyengar school of yoga. Geeta improved and broadened her father's lessons with her in-depth knowledge of the human body and its alignment. She played a key role in democratising yoga for women and established the use of props to assist practitioners. Yoga practitioners from all over the world continue to be inspired by Geeta's thorough instruction and attention to accuracy.


Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev is a spiritual figure and the founder of the Isha Foundation. Through his life-changing yoga programmes and teachings, he has impacted the lives of millions of people. Sadhguru places an emphasis on inner engineering and self-realization by fusing traditional yogic principles with modern discoveries. His distinct approach and eloquence demystify yogic principles and make them applicable to today's seekers.

Sri Sri Ravi Shankar is the founder of the Art of Living Foundation and a revered humanitarian and spiritual figure on a global scale. Millions of people have learned about the transforming power of yoga and mindfulness thanks to Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, who combined traditional techniques like Sudarshan Kriya and meditation. His teachings place a strong emphasis on the development of inner peace, stress reduction, and holistic well-being, encouraging peace and compassion in both people and groups.

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